SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)


Description of virus that causes the disease.

  • Cause of SARS is called coronavirus.
  • Coronavirus is originally known as an animal virus and slowly spread to humans.
  • Diseases that are caused by coronavirus that affects humans are: The upper respiratory, gastrointestinal tract, most of the common colds, Rhinoviruses.
  • More of the diseases that are caused that affect animals are: TGE (Transmissible Gastroenteritis Coronavirus), Bovine Coro
    SARS Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)
    SARS Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)
    navirus, FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis), CCoV (Canine Coronavirus) MHV (Mouse Hepatitis Virus).
  • SARS (coronavirus) is a type of viral pneumonia.
  • SARS is a type of RNA virus.


Viral Specificity:

  • SARS affects the respiratory system
  • Also affects the lungs in very harsh conditions.
  • Mainly Adults suffer from SARS
  • Less than 2% of Children suffer from SARS


Symptoms and progression of the disease:

  • The main symptom is a high fever of 38ºC or 100.4ºF
    Respiratory System
    Respiratory System
  • Later symtoms are shortness of breath, dry cough, difficulty breathing,
  • Fever starts to occur as well as muscle aches, chills, headaches and sore throats.
  • A couple days later, a dry cough or/and shortness of breath occur.
  • After a week, people tend to need a ventilator because of the severe breathing problems.

Common Methods of Transmission:

  • Sneezing and coughing causing the droplets to spread
  • People within a metre of the person with SARS sneezes/coughs, it can be inhaled or placed on there hands which touches the facial features.

Treatment and Prevention (if any):

  • Hand washing is the most common way to stop from you to recieve SARS
  • Good hygiene
  • Cover your mouth when you sneeze
  • Have a healthy immune system
  • If needed, a ventilator for people who are short of breath

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Miscellaneous:
  • Over 6000 cases have occured in 30 countries
  • Currently no 100% accurate test is known
  • 90% of SARS is found in Asia
  • 2003 has been the first known SARS case
  • There has been no sign of where it came from and what its going to do in the future.

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